人稱代詞

中文名稱

人稱代詞

英文名稱

Personal Pronoun

定義

代替人或事物的名字,表示“我、你、他、她、它、我們、你們、他們”的詞,叫做人稱代詞。

 

分類

人稱

我們

你們

他們

主格

I

you

he

she

it

we

you

they

賓格

me

you

him

her

it

us

you

them

基本用法

1. 人稱代詞的主格在句子中作主語或主語補語。例如:

I am a doctor.

He saw Tom this morning.

Bob saw Helen crying when he entered the room.

This is he.

I thought it was she.

2. 人稱代詞的賓格在句子中作動詞或介詞的賓語(動賓和介賓)。例如:

I don't know her. (動詞賓語)

What's wrong with him? (介詞賓語)

My mother often takes care of them. (介詞賓語)

I thought it was her.

3. 還有一些習慣用法。例如:

A: Who cleaned the room?

B: Me. ( Me = It's me. 作主語補語)

Me too.

Not me.

Mary is thinner than I / me.

My sister is taller than I am.

I thought it to be her.

I was taken to be her.

They took me to be her.

4. 將人稱代詞 he she指代動物是擬人化用法。例如:

Look at the little cat. She is hungry.

Whose dog is this? He is very frightening.

5. 常用 she 指代車輛、船只、祖國、大地、月亮等。例如:

China is my motherland. She looks beautiful.

This is my car. She won't start.

注意事項

A. 當有多個人稱代詞同時作主語時,單數人稱代詞排列順序通常為:名詞+人稱代詞。例如:

The tall woman and she are from America.

B. 當有多個單數人稱代詞并列時,對他人表示尊敬的順序為:第二人稱you + 第三人稱he / she / it +第一人稱I。例如:

You, he and I can have dinner here.

You, he and I should help each other.

He, I and some others had a picnic yesterday.

C. 復數人稱代詞并列時,對他人表示尊敬的順序為:第一人稱we + 第二人稱you + 第三人稱they。例如:

We, you and they can have a break here.

D. 在承認錯誤、承擔責任時,或當長輩對晚輩,長官對下屬說話時“我”用在第一位。例如:

I and my sister broke the vase.

It was I and Bob that broke the window.

I and you will repair it.

 

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